DANOPOL HS 1.8 DARK GREY ANTHRACITE is a synthetic PVC plasticized membrane, reinforced with polyester net carrier. Designed for flat roof waterproofing, U.V. resistant.
- Channel waterproofing (EN 13362).
- Waterproofing of deck-type roofs with mechanical fastening systems, tertiary or industrial buildings (EN 13956).
- Waterproofing of reservoirs and dams (EN 13361).
- Waterproofing of buried structures (EN 13967).
- Waterproofing against fluids in the construction of tunnels and underground structures (EN 13491).
Advantages & Benefits
- It absorbs structural movements well, to resist the stresses resulting from large spans and the high expansions of deck roofs.
- High tensile strength.
- High resistance to piercing.
- Great elasticity.
- Great dimensional stability.
- High resistance to tearing.
- Limits deformations and stresses in the waterproofing membrane due to the high temperatures and thermal jumps to which flat roofs are subjected.
- Improves the performance of mechanically fastened sheets by providing a high wind suction resistance value and optimising the density of fastenings.
- Very high durability with respect to possible degradation due to chemical causes.
- Very good resistance to micro-organisms, rot, mechanical impact, natural ageing and swelling.
- Allows for adaptation to any type of geometry.
- Has good piercing protection from possible mechanical damage, derived from the occasional pedestrian traffic typical of flat roofs.
Instruction for Use
Preparation of the substrate:
- The surface of the base substrate shall be resistant, uniform, smooth, clean, dry and free of foreign bodies. In the case of thermal insulation, the boards shall be laid in a grid and without gaps of more than 1 mm between boards.
- Polyester geotextiles, type Danofelt PY 300 or higher, shall be used as a separating or protective layer.
- Before the membrane is laid out, laminated profiles shall be mechanically fastened both in the horizontal plane and on the vertical face. If the membrane has a dimensional stability variation of 0.09%, anchoring to the horizontal plane is not necessary.
- The horizontal plane profile shall be installed as close as possible to the angle and shall never be located at a distance of more than 20 cm from the junction. In the vertical plane the profile is fixed so that the membrane rises a minimum of 20 cm above the surface of the pavement. The membrane is welded to the profile in the horizontal plane. A strip of sheeting is then welded to the profile of the vertical facing and overlapped and welded to the membrane in the horizontal plane. In this solution, the sheeting that goes up the vertical face must have the same characteristics as that of the horizontal plane.
- The joint between the profile fixed to the facing and the masonry facing is always sealed with an elastic and rot-proof mastic.
- Where the roof meets vertical faces and elements that pass through the membrane, the membrane must rise at least 20 cm above the finished roof level, or a greater height if necessary, so that the upper edge of the membrane is always above the maximum foreseeable water level on the roof. To improve the aesthetics of the finish at these points, an adhesive, GLUE-DAN PVC, can be used to adhere the sheet to the vertical facing.
- When the height of the parapet does not exceed 20 cm, or there is no perimeter parapet, the delivery to these parapets or edges of the slab, can be made by means of a laminated sheet profile in the form of an angle, C-laminated profile (angle with drip cap) that hangs on the outside of the facing in the form of a drip cap. This profile shall be fixed to the facing by its horizontal flange, which shall be wider than 6 cm, by means of anchors located at a distance of less than 25 cm from each other. The membrane shall be welded to the laminated sheet metal profile in such a way that the head of the screws is concealed.
Laying of the waterproofing membrane:
- The membrane shall be laid perpendicular to the line of maximum slope of the roof. The anchoring to the structural support must be carried out by means of mechanical fastening. The joint between sheets shall be made by thermoplastic welding with a hot air welder. The overlaps shall be at least 10 cm to cover the mechanical fixing and the welding of the lower sheet with the upper one shall be at least 4 cm. Immediately after welding, the joint shall be pressed with a roller, thus ensuring a homogeneous joint. To check the joints, a blunt metal needle (with a rounded tip with a radius between 1 mm and 3 mm) shall be used to physically check the joints by passing it along the edge of the joint.
- The rolls are laid loosely on the waterproofing substrate (thermal insulation or old waterproofing, in the case of renovation), starting at the lowest point of the roof slope and perpendicular to the line of maximum slope of the roof, forming a row of sheeting.
- During installation, the screen-printed side of the film must remain in the open.
- It is mechanically fixed in the longitudinal overlap area that will later be covered by the next row of sheeting (highest part of the roof). The distance from the edge of the fixing washer to the edge of the sheet shall be greater than 1 cm.
- The roll of the next row is laid out, welding the overlap where the fasteners are located. The sheets shall be laid in such a way that no transverse overlap of each row is aligned with any of those of the adjoining rows.
- The roll of the next row is mechanically fixed on the other edge, with the same premises as described above. No anchoring line should be more than 2 metres away from the adjoining lines.
- In the mechanical fastening, together with the waterproofing membrane, the underlay layers, such as vapour barrier, thermal insulation, etc., are fastened individually or simultaneously.
- The sheet fixings at the perimeter of the roof must be aligned parallel to the perimeter of the roof.
- No more than three sheets shall be joined at any one point.
- At T-joints (three sheets intersecting at one point) the bottom sheet shall be chamfered to prevent capillary leakage or be reworked with the hot air welder.
- The apex of the angle formed by the transverse and longitudinal edges of the top piece shall be cut into a curve.
Indications and Important Recommendations
- Anchorage where two planes meet: anchorage shall be linear. The attachment line shall be installed as close as possible to the angle and shall never be located closer than 20 cm from the junction or meeting.
- Anchoring to the parapet: in the case of membranes fastened with strips or profiles, these must be installed leaving a gap at the junction points so that the sheet can absorb movements due to thermal effects. These gaps shall be covered by a strip of the waterproofing sheet, which shall be loose over the groove.
- When the filler is made by means of laminated profiles fixed on the upper edge of the strip going up the wall, they must be provided with a flap, at least on their upper part, which serves as a base for an elastic and rot-proof bead or seal with Elastydan PU 40 Grey, which covers the groove between the profile and the wall. If there is no flap on the underside, the edge must be completely rounded to prevent damage to the sheet.
- The anchoring of the plates or profiles to the skirt shall be carried out by lag bolts, when the base support is made of stone materials, or by self-tapping screws, in the case of wooden or sheet metal supports. Rivets can also be used in the latter case. The dowels, screws or rivets fixing these profiles shall never be more than 20 cm apart and shall withstand a permissible shear load of 480 N per anchorage point. Where it is not possible to fix the plates to a soft support (insulating panels, aerated concrete, etc.), the perimeter anchorage may be made by means of angle profiles fixed to the wall. In this case the fixings will have to be spaced less than 10 cm apart to compensate for the stress which becomes tensile rather than sharp.
- The fastening element must be suitable for the material of which the support is made. The tensile strength of the fastener to the load-bearing support shall be checked to ensure proper mechanical attachment. The fasteners must withstand a permissible tensile load greater than 600 N per anchorage point. As the membrane is the outermost element of the waterproofing system, its stability against dynamic wind pressure must be calculated according to the shape of the building, its height above ground, its topographical situation, and the specific roof area.
- In renovation projects on old waterproofing, it may be necessary to remove existing materials or to use suitable separating layers (geotextiles, mortar layers, polyethylene films, etc).
- This product may form part of a waterproofing system, so all the documents referred to in the Danosa Solutions Manual must be taken into account, as well as all the regulations and legislation that must be complied with in this respect.
- A range of ancillary products is available for use with the membrane (Elastydan PU 40 Grey sealant, GLUE-DAN PVC adhesive, laminated profiles, corners, corners, corners, cups, pipe penetrations, etc.).
- The weldability and quality of the weld depend on atmospheric conditions (temperature, dampness), welding conditions (temperature, speed, pressure, pre-cleaning) and on the surface condition of the membrane (cleanliness, dampness). Therefore, the hot air machine must be adjusted to obtain a correct assembly.
- Weathering sheets are exposed sheets, so care must be taken when installing them.
- To avoid chemical incompatibilities, a DANOFELT PY 300 or higher geotextile separating layer shall be placed between this sheet and the geotextile: Bituminous products, or synthetic TPO/FPO and EPDM, extruded (XPS) or expanded (EPS) polystyrene-based products, rigid or foamed PU, etc.
- After the surface has cooled down, the welds shall be carefully checked by means of a punch. If any irregularity is detected in a hot air weld, it shall be reworked with the same procedure as described above.
- Special attention must be paid to the execution of the singular points, such as parapets (meetings with vertical and emergent elements), drains, expansion joints, etc.
- Appropriate safety measures must be taken as welding work can give off fumes which can be irritating.
Handling, storage and preservation
- Danosa recommends consulting the safety data sheet for this product, which is permanently available at www.danosa.com, or it can be requested in writing from our Technical Department.
- The product must be stored in a dry place protected from rain, sun, heat and low temperatures.
- The product will be used on a first-come, first-served basis.
- In all cases, the Occupational Safety and Hygiene standards, as well as the standards of good construction practice, must be taken into account.
- This product is not toxic or flammable.
- Easy to cut to adapt the dimensions to the work.
- Waterproofing work must not be carried out when weather conditions may be detrimental, in particular when it is snowing or there is snow or ice on the roof, when it is raining or the roof is wet, surface dampness >8% according to NTE QAT, or when a strong wind is blowing.
- No welding work should be carried out when the ambient temperature is lower than -5ºC for hot air welding, nor lower than + 5ºC for welding with THF or with Adhesives.
- For further information, please contact our Technical Department.
- It shall be kept in its original packaging, in a horizontal position and all rolls parallel (never crossed), on a flat and smooth support.
- The information contained in this document and any other advice provided, are given in good faith, based on DANOSA's current knowledge and experience when products are properly stored, handled and applied, in normal situations and in accordance with the recommendations of DANOSA. The information applies only to the application (s) and the product (s) to which reference is expressly made. In case of changes in the parameters of the application, or in case of a different application, consult the DANOSA Technical Service before using the DANOSA products. The information contained herein does not exonerate the responsibility of the building agents to test the products for the application and intended use, as well as their correct application in accordance with current legal regulations. The product images used in our communications are indicative and may differ slightly in color and aesthetic appearance in relation to the final product.Orders are accepted in accordance with the terms of our current General Sales Conditions.DANOSA reserves the right to modify, without prior notice, the data reflected in this documentation.Website: www.danosa.com E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Telephone: +34 949 88 82 10